Pieniny and Spiš
Pieniny and Spiš
Pieniny and Spiš are one of the most attractive tourist regions of our country, they are both worth visiting regardless of the season. Natural values, cultural diversity, a multitude of monuments will allow you to get to know the unusual face of the Małopolska region.
The Pieniny area is located in the central part of the Pieniny Klippen Belt. From the north, the Pieniny border with the Gorce and Beskid Sądecki, and from the south with Magura Spiska. The entire range is 35 km long and 3.5 to 6 km wide. Pieniny are naturally divided by the river Dunajec into three fragments, namely Pieniny Spiskie, the Pieniny Właściwe and Little Pieniny. The highest peak of this mountainous land, formed of limestone, slate, sandstone and conglomerates, is Wysoka (1,050 metres asl).
Spiš attracts history enthusiasts because of its interesting past. The first traces of human presence in this area come from the Palaeolithic period. The subsequent turbulent history of the Polish-Hungarian and Polish-Czechoslovakian border did not spare this area.
The region offers many attractions. A dense network of intersecting hiking trails and several ski stations provide an unforgettable experience for winter sports enthusiasts and hikers. For all those seeking respite, we recommend Szczawnica and Krościenko nad Dunajcem – two high valued health resorts in which you can, among others taste the spring water with healing properties and unique taste. It is also worth taking advantage of the rich offer of cultural events.
Since 1932 Pieniny are under protection within the Pieniny National Park, which stretches on both sides of the border with Slovakia. The Pieniny Właściwe range stretches on the protected area, culminating in the Three Crowns massive towering over the Dunajec valley. It is here that you can find extremely rare species of colourful flora and fauna. The rocky environment provides excellent conditions for the life of butterflies with the graceful name Apollo butterfly, and the relict pines in Sokolica make the landscape extremely characteristic.
There are many animate and inanimate nature reserves in Pieniny and Spiš. In the Homole Gorge reserve in Jaworki you can admire a deep canyon decorated with limestone boulders. The White Water reserve will enchant visitors with volcanic rocks and streams creating phenomenal cascades and deep evorsions. In turn, in the Białka River Gorge reserve near Krempachy you can see the rocks of white and red limestone, which hide the famous Obłazowa Cave. These picturesque places were the scenery for several films, such as the “Janosik” TV series or “Karol: A Man Who Became Pope”. In the Blue Valley reserve, you will find a unique beech old forest, where the oldest beeches are over 200 years old, and in the Wysokie Skałki reserve you can see the last upper montane belt spruce forest in Pieniny. On hot days, to cool down you can opt for a trip to Żary (you can admire from that site the beauty of the Spiš Pieniny), rafting down the Pieniny gorge of the Dunajec river or a walk to the Zaskalnik waterfall.
Remarkable historic places
When in Pieniny, it is worth visiting several historically priceless sites. The rich past of this area can be discovered by, among others, visiting the castle in Frydman – a magnificent fortified manor house that once served as the summer residence of Jerzy Horvath – a Hungarian magnate. The turbulent fate of Niedzica is “hidden” in historic buildings, such as the castle on Lake Czorsztyn. In its medieval walls you can feel the atmosphere of a fortress that once used to be bustling. Near the castle there are also a historic granary and a customs house. The castle in Czorsztyn is another destination for tourists visiting the Pieniny area. It has been partially restored and the exhibitions attract crowds of tourists from all over Poland. In addition to recreation, the health resort in Szczawnica also offers numerous health treatments, and the popularity of this place is getting even greater.
In addition to secular monuments, there are also some noteworthy religious buildings – you cannot miss the church of St Elisabeth in Trybsz, the church of All Saints in Krościenko nad Dunajcem, or the oldest temple in the in the Polish Subtatra region, namely St Stanislaus church in Frydman. Worth mentioning are also: the church of St Catherine in Nowa Biała, the church of St Martin in Krempachy and the church of St Quirinus in Łapsze Niżne, belonging in the 14th century to the Order of the Holy Sepulchre. Noteworthy is also the church of All Saints in Kacwin, built in 1313, which was in possession of Lutherans from 1602 and returned to Catholics 30 years later. Built in 1278, the church of St Bartholomew the Apostle in Niedzica, belonging to the group of Gothic Spiš churches, still enchants with stone traceries in the windows of the presbytery. Few people know that there are former Greek Catholic churches in the area – one in Jaworki and another in Szlachtowa. Currently, they are functioning as Roman Catholic churches.
Museum side of the Pieniny
When traveling around the region, it's worth visiting some museums. An absolute must-see is the Museum of the Pieniny National Park in Krościenko nad Dunajcem, where the natural, historical, landscape and cultural values of the Pieniny and its surroundings are exhibited. In the entrance pavilions of the national park we will find interesting exhibitions on various topics, e.g. “Pieniny forest ecosystems” or “Pieniny rock ecosystems”. One of them is in Szczawnica, two in Czorsztyn, and another two in Sromowce Kąty and Sromowce Niżne.
Particularly noteworthy is the Spiš Folk Culture Museum in Czarna Góra, where the buildings of the Korkoszów homestead and the Sołtys Homestead in Jurgów – branches of the Tatra Museum in Zakopane – are presented. Another interesting proposition is the “Sypaniec” regional chamber in Łapsze Niższe and the regional chamber in Sromowce Wyżne presenting the everyday life of the inhabitants of Pieniny in the past. A similar theme is presented by the open-air museum in Kluszkowce, also known as the Czorsztyn Settlement. The private Pieniny Mock-ups gallery in Krościenko nad Dunajcem offers visitors the opportunity to see miniatures of these beautiful mountains. At the Pieniny Museum in Szlachtowa you can see exhibits related to the history of Szczawnica, and at the carriage exhibition in Niedzica – carriage and horse carriages belonging to the former owners of the castle.
No less attractive is the nature exhibition of Tadeusz and Anna Oleś in Krościenko nad Dunajcem. It includes an impressive collection of rare animal specimens from around the world. The author's gallery “Pod Okółkiem” in Krościenko nad Dunajcem presents the paintings of Andrzej Michał Beliczyński made with the use of watercolours and pastels. In the “Krzywa Jabłonka” gallery in Szczawnica we will see folk art and handicrafts of Pieniny artists, same as in the wooden church in Sromowce Niżne, which since 2010 is no longer a sacred object, but acts as a local museum.
Active leisure in Pieniny
Szczawnica and Krościenko nad Dunajcem are recommended as starting points for hiking trips. Tourists can choose routes to the Three Crowns or towards Sokolica, depending on their preferences and skills. The trails start in the centre of the village and lead to Pieniny, Gorce and Beskid Sądecki. The red trail leads to Prehyba (1,176 metres asl) or Lubań via Jaworzyna (1,050 metres asl). The blue trail is also a very interesting route – it runs along the ridge of Pieniny Właściwe and Little Pieniny. The Tatra, Gorce and even Slovak Levoča Mountains can be clearly seen from here. This trail is also ideal for ski tours. After an exhausting walk, you can experience a respite in one of the mountain hostels: Orlica, Trzy Korony and Pod Durbaszką.
You can also admire the mountain panorama by taking the chairlift up to Palenica, from which you can also ski in the winter season. The gravity slide located on the mountain slope is also an interesting spot.
Fans of two wheels fans will find in Pieniny and Spiš many bicycle routes. The bicycle trail around Lake Czorsztyn is an ideal destination for lovers of monuments who, by combining active leisure with sightseeing, will remember the visit to Pieniny for a long time. The Pieniny Road, i.e. the red trail along the Dunajec gorge, can be travelled on foot and by bicycle, which is an additional advantage. The VeloDunajec bicycle route runs along the Dunajec river as well.
“Rally by the Dunajec Valley” encourages competitive cyclists to participate in the fun, which in addition to sports emotions, also provides opportunities to spend time surrounded by nature.
However, this is not the end of the attractions offered by the Pieniny region. Horse riding fans will also find something for themselves with the Transbeskidian Horse Trail running through this area. Szczawnica-Piwniczna is its most popular route. To choose the right walking, horse or bicycle route, please visit malopolska.szlaki.pttk.pl.
Cross-country skiing enthusiasts are invited to Krościenko nad Dunajcem where the boulevards by the Dunajec river have properly prepared skiing routes running alongside. Sports adrenaline can also be found in rope parks, such as ABlandia Amusement Park or Adventure-Sky in Krościenko nad Dunajcem.
Moreover, numerous running events are very popular among sports fans. The youngest enthusiasts can participate in Mini Runs in Szczawnica, which promote a healthy lifestyle among children and teenagers. The competition offers several routes adapted to the age and predisposition of the competitors, so you can choose a distance from 100 metres to even 2 kilometres. Adults also willingly take part in the competition during the Triada run. An interesting fact is the form of the race itself, which in addition to being fast and intense, consists of running up the peaks at night.
Attractions at the foot of the mountains
One of the most characteristic attractions in this area is undoubtedly rafting down the Dunajec River Gorge, with tradition dating back to the 19th century. During rafting you can admire the Pieniny peaks, including the Three Crowns. For the sake of natural and historical values, the gorge was recognised as a natural monument. Rafters wonderfully amuse their passengers on the way by telling jokes and anecdotes.
An equally interesting experience is a cruise on the “Harnaś” ship on Lake Czorsztyn. Passengers on board can enjoy a cup of coffee while admiring the surrounding natural and architectural monuments.
You can't get bored in Pieniny and Spiš! An interesting experience is participating in the folklore custom of playing music around mojs. During the night before the feast of Pentecost, each of the bachelors in the neighbourhood strive to put a moj (little tree) in front of the house of a maiden. Then they sing songs in honour of the Mother of God and wander the whole village merrily. Disguised as gypsies, local youths collect donations for their “child”, and the girls from nearby houses dance with them to the music they play.
This live folklore is also presented during the inauguration of the Pieniny Summer event. Everyone who stays in Szczawnica at the time has the opportunity to see the traditional costumes of rafters, carriage drivers and highlanders from Spiš and Pieniny. A fair of folk craftsmanship and concerts of highlander bands complete the atmosphere, which for many mountain fans is a priceless holiday memory.
Shepherd culture plays a very important role in the social life of this mountainous region, which is also an interesting opportunity to learn more customs. Every autumn, time comes for redyk, i.e. the traditional return of sheep from the pastures. All the sympathisers of this event can celebrate, among others, in Jaworki, and in the Majerz clearing, they can welcome the shepherd (baca) and his young helpers (known as juhasi) returning from the shepherd's hut.
Muzyczna Owczarnia, which is one of the most popular meeting places for music lovers, is also extremely popular. Concerts and meetings are organised there throughout the year. Another events worth recommending are Ethno-Novo, Autumn in Szczawnica, the Pieniny-Kultura-Sacrum Festival in Krościenko or the Baroque Ancient Music Festival in the Spiš.
Pieniny and Spiš are famous for their wonderful regional cuisine including dishes such as: gałuski dumplings, kołoc pie, plum soup (known as śliwianka), oscypek cheese, kwaśnica (sauerkraut soup) or trout. Several dishes unknown in other regions are a treat for lovers of traditional delicacies.
Another unique attraction awaits you at the Szczawnica health resort, where you can try one of the twelve mineral waters. Some of them are available by the sources without any restrictions, others are served in the “Magdalenka” pump room. Equally valuable are the properties of the “Stefan”, “Maria” and “Michalina” waters available in Krościenko nad Dunajcem.
In and around Oświęcim
In and around Oświęcim
Oświęcim and its surroundings is an extremely interesting area that is undoubtedly worth visiting. Cultural and natural diversity will provide every demanding connoisseur of holiday trips a lot of pleasure.
Marked by a difficult history, Oświęcim is today a town of numerous peaceful initiatives. As a meeting place for people of different nationalities, beliefs and confessions, it helps to build a future without violence and wars. Thanks to the open multi-religious and multicultural dialogue, it realizes its mission of the “City of Peace”.
Oświęcim and nearby towns offers everyone something for themselves, from visiting historically valuable places, such as museums and places of worship, through active leisure in the bosom of nature, ending with tasting regional cuisine.
Landscapes and areas that are worth visiting!
In the vicinity of Oświęcim we will find numerous fish ponds, loess humps and forest areas. In addition to the unique flora associated with a large number of water reservoirs, there are also agricultural areas as well as alluvial-elm and alder-ash forests.
The Carp Valley in Zator, which is the basin of royal carp breeding, creates ideal conditions for the life of rare species of fish and birds. Ferruginous duck, night heron, white-breasted tern, common tern and bittern are the undisputed objects of interest of lovers of photography of unique nature.
The habitats of endangered birds and plants, unique in Europe, occurring in the Oświęcim commune have contributed to including this area in the structure of the European Ecological Network Natura 2000. Thus, the protection of biological diversity has become the overarching goal of all related activities. The regulations of the Natura 2000 Area cover, among others, the Lower Soła Valley characterised by valuable communities of alluvial-willow and poplar forests, as well as ponds in Brzeszcze, which delight with an intact ecological corridor of the Upper Vistula. There are many wonderful animal species in the Soła Valley, including otters, crested newts, toads, asp or barbells, which all live surrounded by old river basins with unique vegetation growing on stream stones.
Following the sacrum...
The Oświęcim area boasts a long list of religious monuments, some of which are listed on the Wooden Architecture Route.
One of the most interesting and at the same time most famous sacred buildings is the Chewra Lomdei Misznajot Synagogue in Oświęcim. It is a tangible trace of the Jewish community, which before World War II constituted more than half of all the town's inhabitants. Jewish and Christian culture used to merge in this place, and the remains of it are still visible today.
The history of the Sanctuary of Our Lady Help of Christians in Oświęcim goes back to the beginnings of the Salesian church from the 14th century, and the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Fatima in Trzebinia attracts the faithful with a miraculous figurine brought from Fatima in 1962. Church of St Nicholas in Chrzanów houses under its walls crypts in which court officials, prominent burghers and former owners of Chrzanów were buried. The Renaissance church of St Adalbert and St George in Zator is a must-see for lovers of historic architecture, just like the church of Our Lady of Częstochowa in Mętkowo, which remembers Karol Wojtyła as a vicar when the church was still located in Niegowić. In Oświęcim and the surrounding area there are more wooden or wooden-brick objects of worship of this type, to name just a couple a few: the church of St Nicholas in Polanka Wielka, the church of St Bartholomew in Poręba Wielka, the church of St Lawrence in Grójec, the church of St Martin in Jawiszowice, the church of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Mount Carmel in Głębowice, the church of St Andrew in Osiek or the church of Saint Andrew in Graboszyce.
When in Oświęcim, we cannot forget about the Chapel of St Hyacinth related to the Dominican tradition and the Marian Shrine in Płoki with the precious icon of the Mother of God. In turn, the early 18th century Baroque church of St John Cantius in Kęty impresses with a one-nave facade, a barrel vault and a beautiful high altar. Being in the area, it is also worth seeing the church of Sts Simon and Jude, Apostles in Nidek and the church of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross in Płaza.
All these sacred sites will certainly charm everyone who decides to visit them, and many tourists will find interesting the history that each of these places hides.
Following the trail of historic residences, it is worth seeing the Castle in Oświęcim. Its most glorious period falls in the 14th century, when it served as the seat of the Piast princes. The castle then burned down in 1503, and it was rebuilt by order of King Alexander Jagiellon in the 16th century. Over the next centuries, it was rebuilt many times, which is why its current shape is a delightful combination of various architectural styles. The ruins of the Lipowiec Castle in Wygiełzów are located on a limestone hill with a height of 362 metres asl. In the old days, the Castle served as the seat of the Krakow bishops, today it is an excellent vantage point from which we can admire the panorama of the adjacent “Lipowiec” nature reserve. The Renaissance Palace and Park Complex in Młoszowa, in turn, is an ideal place to stroll around the park overgrown with old trees and visit the attractive part of the palace with the adjacent chapel.
Museums will help you better understand the history and culture of the region. One of the places you cannot miss is the Auschwitz-Birkenau Former German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp in Oświęcim. Visiting this place will certainly make you reflect on the tragic events of World War II. It is here that every year there are celebrations commemorating the liberation of the extermination camp, during which the voice of the Survivors resounds. The Auschwitz-Birkenau Museum has been inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List, which confirms its unique character.
Today, Oświęcim is a centre of numerous peace initiatives, a meeting place for people of different nationalities - regardless of religion or belief. The city is slowly becoming a symbol of an open, multinational and multi-religious dialogue centre, among others due to the activity of the Jewish Centre in Oświęcim, which organizes numerous cultural and scientific events. The Roma Association in Poland, in turn, gives visitors a chance to learn about the rich Roma tradition and culture, which is part of the history of the region.
What else is worth visiting? We recommend the Castle in Oświęcim – in this place, thanks to exhibitions devoted to various historical periods, you can learn about the 800-year history of the town. When you're at the Oświęcim Market Square it is worth visiting the Town Hall Museum located in a building from the second half of the 19th century. Every day, punctually at noon, the bugle call is played form here. If only you are in the area, stop for a moment and listen to a fragment of Aleksander Orłowski's polonaise.
In Oświęcim and the surrounding area there are many more such monumental and thought-provoking places! We recommend visiting the court lumber from the 16th century and the Urbańczyk House in Chrzanów, the Małopolska Firefighting Museum in Alwernia, the Museum of Aleksander Kłosiński in Kęty, as well as the Museum of Bl. Mother Małgorzata Szewczyk in Oświęcim. Interesting attractions are also provided by the Carp Valley Ecomuseum, the Vistula Ethnographic Park in Wygiełzów and Jakob Haberfeld Story vodka museum & music pub, i.e. the museum arranged in the place of former vodka and liqueur factory.
Active leisure or pleasant holidays in the Oświęcim Basin
The rich flora, fauna and terrain create perfect conditions for active recreation! Relaxing in the bosom of nature is a pleasant way to spend your free time, and the multitude of various hiking and cycling routes encourage to enjoy active leisure.
A bike is a great idea for spending free time, especially in the perspective of using routes running in the surroundings of historically valuable places. The route following papal roads to the Carp Valley leads through numerous attractions, and the whole adventure begins and ends in Wadowice, i.e. the hometown of John Paul II. The Soła Valley cycling trail is, in turn, a route often chosen by families with children. It leads through the surroundings which are pure pleasure to the eyes and soul, where you can successfully calm down and relax from everyday life. All cycling routes of Oświęcim and the surrounding area can be found at narowery.visitmalopolska.pl.
By choosing the “Maurycy” or "Marynin" nature paths you will get the opportunity to admire the picturesque landscapes of Oświęcim. The routes run near water reservoirs, which are a treasury of the region's most valuable natural values. It is also worth taking a walk along the scenic trails of Green Pearls of Trzebinia. “Treasure hunters” can have fun focusing on looking for trophies as part of quests included on the Radwanite Knights Trail. Visit to the Village under the rock in Bolęcin will in turn provide interesting historical fun for the whole family, while the visit to the Molo Resort in Osiek brings real relaxation for the senses. Unusual views and the sound of water will ensure peace and having some in this area will recharge your batteries for a long time.
Canoeing enthusiasts should go to the Carp Valley, where, surrounded by untouched nature, they can indulge in their sports passion. Everyone who values nordic walking can choose the degree of difficulty of the route and enjoy the wonderful views of this picturesque land. Fishing fans can take advantage of the offer of numerous fisheries, while walks on the Soła Boulevard in Oświęcim shall be perfect for all those who relax best close to the calming noise of the river.
How to spend time?
Oświęcim surprises with a rich offer of cultural events in which it is worth participating. A series of concerts on the Wooden Architecture Route organised under the name Music Enchanted by Wood is an encouragement to spend summer weekends surrounded by pearls of wooden architecture, while artistic presentations of the Oświęcim Autumn Festival invites everybody to have fun together. The Castellan Fair, which is an outdoor event organised at the Castle Museum in Oświęcim, traditionally recreates the realities of past eras, familiarizing visitors with the history of the city. Concerts organised on the occasion of the Days of the Town of Oświęcim make this region famous all over Poland. The Vistula Ethnographic Park in Wygiełzów regularly organises open workshops of folk crafts and handicrafts as part of Ethnomania, and during the Ziemniaczyska nad Lipowcem event, you can try culinary specialties from the old days. It is also worth to include in the calendar the Feast of Carp, which will delight everyone who values regional culinary goods.
The flavours of the Oświęcim region are pure pleasure for every fan of regional delicacies! Being in the area you should try the delicious Zator Carp, Caban potato, żurek (rye soup) form Przeciszów and the Revel bread. It is also worth trying the Zator fudge, the Bolęcin buchta cake, the parzybroda soup from Mirów and hulajda potato dumplings. The names of these dishes alone arouse curiosity, and the taste remains a mystery until you try it. The Małopolska Gourmets Route is a great opportunity to get to know the Oświęcim region from the culinary perspective.
Fans of amusement parks, will be provided with the dose of adrenaline by places such as Energylandia or Zatorland, where the whole family can spend time actively in specially dedicated themed zones.